我的最新日志

  • English Resume

    2011-4-22

    英语个人简历范文

    Name: Melvin
    Gender: Male
    Date of Birth: May, 1982
    Citizenship: Junan county, Linyi, Shandong
    Major: English (B.A)
    ⊿ Objective
    Assistant of your office or the manager; Interpreter of company or organization which concerns international business; College or vocational university‘s teacher.
    ⊿ Education Background
    September 2002 to July 2006, Shandong University of Architecture
    September 1998 to July 2002, Linyi No.1 Middle School
    ⊿ Main Skills
    About English
    Have past the Test for English Major -4; fluent oral English, and good pronunciation.
    Major target: ESP of technology, esp. architecture and real estate, and also international business.
    About German
    Have learned about 200 hours of Hochschuldeutsch 1, 2. Can do basic reading and writing.
    About Chinese
    Have got the Certificate of Chinese, the score is 86.2
    About Computer
    Have a good command of computer, knowing the basic maintain of hardware and software;
    Good sense of Visual Foxpro language.Intersted in web page design, and had mastered the MACROMEDIA, which including Dreamweaver,Flash and Firework.
    Skilled in Microsoft Office, including FrontPage.
    ⊿ Work Experience
    Have part time job in Shanghai Yaru Consulting Co.Ltd during 2004 and 2005 summer holiday.
    Did the market research for Shandong Shiguang Boiler Co.Ltd (shanghai branch) in shanghai.
    Experiences on be a tutor of junior, senior middle school students and college students.
    Many times of doing promotion sales for stores during the campus life.
    ⊿ Activities
    From 2003.10 to2005.5, be the assistant of the director of Foreign Language Department.
    From 2004 to 2005, be the minister of the Network Department and Publicity Department of the Students Union.
    ⊿ Awards & Honors
    In the year of 2004, awarded the "Model student stuff "prize of our school.
    In the year of 2004, won the third level scholarship of our school.
    In the year of 2003, won the "Excellent Student" prize of our school.
    ⊿ Interests
    Have intensive interest in traveling, photographing; Reading,esp.on business, economy and computer.
    ⊿ Self-uation
    Strong sense of responsibility, good spirit of teamwork. Can learn new things well in short time.

  • 外贸跟单英语60句

    2009-8-20

    外贸跟单英语60句
    2008-06-02 12:21
    1.What’s the size?多大尺寸?

         90X90 (Ninety by ninety)九十乘九十。

         2.What’s the CMB? 体积多大?

         0.07M3 (zero point zero seven cube meter) 0.07立方米。

         3.What’s the best/last price? 最低价是多少?

         ¥2.5 (Two point five)] 两块五。

         4.How many designs?有几个款式?

         3 designs .三个款式。

         5.How many colors? 有几种颜色?

         3 colors. Red, yellow and blue. 3种颜色,红、黄、蓝。

         6.How many pcs one CTN?一箱装多少件?

         12 dozen, 144pcs. 12 12打,144件一箱。

         7.When shall we deliver?什么时候交货?

         8.Where shall we deliver? 货送到什么地方?

         9.30% deposit.付30%的订金。

         10.Only one sample here. We can’t give you.这里只有一个样品, 不能给你。


         11.Too expensive/much.太贵了。

         12. Any discount?有折扣吗?

         13.Cheaper?可以便宜一点吗?

         14.Show me this!这个拿下来看看。

         15.Good quality or ordinary quality?质量好的还是普通的?

         16.¥180 for a set . 180元一套。

         17.4pcs a set.一套4个。

         18.What’s the minimum quantity?最小起订量是多少?

         19.At least 1 CTN. 至少一箱/件。

         20.There’s minimum quantity.有最小起订量。

         21.Can they be mixed?可以混装吗?

         22.Mixed packing.混装。

         23.Just a moment. Let me check.稍等,让我查一下。

         24.Same price/size. 一样的价格/尺寸。

         25.I will come again tomorrow.我明天再来。

         26.Where are you from?你是什么地方人?

         27.What’s your name?你叫什么?

         28.May I have your card? 名片给一张,可以吗?

         29.Card,please.名片。

         30.Stapler,please.订书机 。

         31. Calculator,please.计算器。

         32.Adhesive tape,please.胶带。

         33.Here’s our catalogue.这是我们的目录。

         34.Here’s my card.这是我的名片。

         35.Your card, please.给我你的名片。

         36.What’s the material.什么材料做的?

         The cost of raw material is increasing.原材料价格上涨。

         37.Out of stock.没现货。

         38.Do you have samples?有样品吗?

         39.Can I buy a sample?能买一个样品吗?

         40.We’ll give the money back when you place an order.下单时退钱给你。

         41.Good morning/ afternoon/evening/night!早上好!中午好!晚上好!晚安!

         42.Nice/Glad to meet/see you .很高兴遇见/见到你。

         43.Me too!我也是!

         44.Thank you .谢谢!

         45.You are welcome!不用谢!

         46.Come again next time.下次再来。

         47.Good-bye/ See you.再见。

         48.Would you like some water?要喝水吗?

         49.You can visit our website.你可以上我们的网站。

         50.Please have a seat.请坐。

         51.How are you doing? 你好!

         52.Fine.Thank you.and you?很好!谢谢!你呢?

         53.I’m fine ,too. 我也很好。

         54. Sweet dreams.做个好梦。

         55.Have a nice trip.一路顺风。

         56.Have a nice day/Evening/weekend!祝你过得愉快!周末愉快!

         57.You can go to/visit our factory.你可以去我们的工厂看看。

         58.You’re shrewd.你真精明。

         59.Did you sleep well.你睡得好吗?

         60.My future is not just a dream.我的未来不是梦。

    2008-06-02 12:21
    1.What’s the size?多大尺寸?

         90X90 (Ninety by ninety)九十乘九十。

         2.What’s the CMB? 体积多大?

         0.07M3 (zero point zero seven cube meter) 0.07立方米。

         3.What’s the best/last price? 最低价是多少?

         ¥2.5 (Two point five)] 两块五。

         4.How many designs?有几个款式?

         3 designs .三个款式。

         5.How many colors? 有几种颜色?

         3 colors. Red, yellow and blue. 3种颜色,红、黄、蓝。

         6.How many pcs one CTN?一箱装多少件?

         12 dozen, 144pcs. 12 12打,144件一箱。

         7.When shall we deliver?什么时候交货?

         8.Where shall we deliver? 货送到什么地方?

         9.30% deposit.付30%的订金。

         10.Only one sample here. We can’t give you.这里只有一个样品, 不能给你。


         11.Too expensive/much.太贵了。

         12. Any discount?有折扣吗?

         13.Cheaper?可以便宜一点吗?

         14.Show me this!这个拿下来看看。

         15.Good quality or ordinary quality?质量好的还是普通的?

         16.¥180 for a set . 180元一套。

         17.4pcs a set.一套4个。

         18.What’s the minimum quantity?最小起订量是多少?

         19.At least 1 CTN. 至少一箱/件。

         20.There’s minimum quantity.有最小起订量。

         21.Can they be mixed?可以混装吗?

         22.Mixed packing.混装。

         23.Just a moment. Let me check.稍等,让我查一下。

         24.Same price/size. 一样的价格/尺寸。

         25.I will come again tomorrow.我明天再来。

         26.Where are you from?你是什么地方人?

         27.What’s your name?你叫什么?

         28.May I have your card? 名片给一张,可以吗?

         29.Card,please.名片。

         30.Stapler,please.订书机 。

         31. Calculator,please.计算器。

         32.Adhesive tape,please.胶带。

         33.Here’s our catalogue.这是我们的目录。

         34.Here’s my card.这是我的名片。

         35.Your card, please.给我你的名片。

         36.What’s the material.什么材料做的?

         The cost of raw material is increasing.原材料价格上涨。

         37.Out of stock.没现货。

         38.Do you have samples?有样品吗?

         39.Can I buy a sample?能买一个样品吗?

         40.We’ll give the money back when you place an order.下单时退钱给你。

         41.Good morning/ afternoon/evening/night!早上好!中午好!晚上好!晚安!

         42.Nice/Glad to meet/see you .很高兴遇见/见到你。

         43.Me too!我也是!

         44.Thank you .谢谢!

         45.You are welcome!不用谢!

         46.Come again next time.下次再来。

         47.Good-bye/ See you.再见。

         48.Would you like some water?要喝水吗?

         49.You can visit our website.你可以上我们的网站。

         50.Please have a seat.请坐。

         51.How are you doing? 你好!

         52.Fine.Thank you.and you?很好!谢谢!你呢?

         53.I’m fine ,too. 我也很好。

         54. Sweet dreams.做个好梦。

         55.Have a nice trip.一路顺风。

         56.Have a nice day/Evening/weekend!祝你过得愉快!周末愉快!

         57.You can go to/visit our factory.你可以去我们的工厂看看。

         58.You’re shrewd.你真精明。

         59.Did you sleep well.你睡得好吗?

         60.My future is not just a dream.我的未来不是梦。

  • 外贸跟单英语60句

    2009-8-20

    外贸跟单英语60句
    2008-06-02 12:21
    1.What’s the size?多大尺寸?

         90X90 (Ninety by ninety)九十乘九十。

         2.What’s the CMB? 体积多大?

         0.07M3 (zero point zero seven cube meter) 0.07立方米。

         3.What’s the best/last price? 最低价是多少?

         ¥2.5 (Two point five)] 两块五。

         4.How many designs?有几个款式?

         3 designs .三个款式。

         5.How many colors? 有几种颜色?

         3 colors. Red, yellow and blue. 3种颜色,红、黄、蓝。

         6.How many pcs one CTN?一箱装多少件?

         12 dozen, 144pcs. 12 12打,144件一箱。

         7.When shall we deliver?什么时候交货?

         8.Where shall we deliver? 货送到什么地方?

         9.30% deposit.付30%的订金。

         10.Only one sample here. We can’t give you.这里只有一个样品, 不能给你。


         11.Too expensive/much.太贵了。

         12. Any discount?有折扣吗?

         13.Cheaper?可以便宜一点吗?

         14.Show me this!这个拿下来看看。

         15.Good quality or ordinary quality?质量好的还是普通的?

         16.¥180 for a set . 180元一套。

         17.4pcs a set.一套4个。

         18.What’s the minimum quantity?最小起订量是多少?

         19.At least 1 CTN. 至少一箱/件。

         20.There’s minimum quantity.有最小起订量。

         21.Can they be mixed?可以混装吗?

         22.Mixed packing.混装。

         23.Just a moment. Let me check.稍等,让我查一下。

         24.Same price/size. 一样的价格/尺寸。

         25.I will come again tomorrow.我明天再来。

         26.Where are you from?你是什么地方人?

         27.What’s your name?你叫什么?

         28.May I have your card? 名片给一张,可以吗?

         29.Card,please.名片。

         30.Stapler,please.订书机 。

         31. Calculator,please.计算器。

         32.Adhesive tape,please.胶带。

         33.Here’s our catalogue.这是我们的目录。

         34.Here’s my card.这是我的名片。

         35.Your card, please.给我你的名片。

         36.What’s the material.什么材料做的?

         The cost of raw material is increasing.原材料价格上涨。

         37.Out of stock.没现货。

         38.Do you have samples?有样品吗?

         39.Can I buy a sample?能买一个样品吗?

         40.We’ll give the money back when you place an order.下单时退钱给你。

         41.Good morning/ afternoon/evening/night!早上好!中午好!晚上好!晚安!

         42.Nice/Glad to meet/see you .很高兴遇见/见到你。

         43.Me too!我也是!

         44.Thank you .谢谢!

         45.You are welcome!不用谢!

         46.Come again next time.下次再来。

         47.Good-bye/ See you.再见。

         48.Would you like some water?要喝水吗?

         49.You can visit our website.你可以上我们的网站。

         50.Please have a seat.请坐。

         51.How are you doing? 你好!

         52.Fine.Thank you.and you?很好!谢谢!你呢?

         53.I’m fine ,too. 我也很好。

         54. Sweet dreams.做个好梦。

         55.Have a nice trip.一路顺风。

         56.Have a nice day/Evening/weekend!祝你过得愉快!周末愉快!

         57.You can go to/visit our factory.你可以去我们的工厂看看。

         58.You’re shrewd.你真精明。

         59.Did you sleep well.你睡得好吗?

         60.My future is not just a dream.我的未来不是梦。

    2008-06-02 12:21
    1.What’s the size?多大尺寸?

         90X90 (Ninety by ninety)九十乘九十。

         2.What’s the CMB? 体积多大?

         0.07M3 (zero point zero seven cube meter) 0.07立方米。

         3.What’s the best/last price? 最低价是多少?

         ¥2.5 (Two point five)] 两块五。

         4.How many designs?有几个款式?

         3 designs .三个款式。

         5.How many colors? 有几种颜色?

         3 colors. Red, yellow and blue. 3种颜色,红、黄、蓝。

         6.How many pcs one CTN?一箱装多少件?

         12 dozen, 144pcs. 12 12打,144件一箱。

         7.When shall we deliver?什么时候交货?

         8.Where shall we deliver? 货送到什么地方?

         9.30% deposit.付30%的订金。

         10.Only one sample here. We can’t give you.这里只有一个样品, 不能给你。


         11.Too expensive/much.太贵了。

         12. Any discount?有折扣吗?

         13.Cheaper?可以便宜一点吗?

         14.Show me this!这个拿下来看看。

         15.Good quality or ordinary quality?质量好的还是普通的?

         16.¥180 for a set . 180元一套。

         17.4pcs a set.一套4个。

         18.What’s the minimum quantity?最小起订量是多少?

         19.At least 1 CTN. 至少一箱/件。

         20.There’s minimum quantity.有最小起订量。

         21.Can they be mixed?可以混装吗?

         22.Mixed packing.混装。

         23.Just a moment. Let me check.稍等,让我查一下。

         24.Same price/size. 一样的价格/尺寸。

         25.I will come again tomorrow.我明天再来。

         26.Where are you from?你是什么地方人?

         27.What’s your name?你叫什么?

         28.May I have your card? 名片给一张,可以吗?

         29.Card,please.名片。

         30.Stapler,please.订书机 。

         31. Calculator,please.计算器。

         32.Adhesive tape,please.胶带。

         33.Here’s our catalogue.这是我们的目录。

         34.Here’s my card.这是我的名片。

         35.Your card, please.给我你的名片。

         36.What’s the material.什么材料做的?

         The cost of raw material is increasing.原材料价格上涨。

         37.Out of stock.没现货。

         38.Do you have samples?有样品吗?

         39.Can I buy a sample?能买一个样品吗?

         40.We’ll give the money back when you place an order.下单时退钱给你。

         41.Good morning/ afternoon/evening/night!早上好!中午好!晚上好!晚安!

         42.Nice/Glad to meet/see you .很高兴遇见/见到你。

         43.Me too!我也是!

         44.Thank you .谢谢!

         45.You are welcome!不用谢!

         46.Come again next time.下次再来。

         47.Good-bye/ See you.再见。

         48.Would you like some water?要喝水吗?

         49.You can visit our website.你可以上我们的网站。

         50.Please have a seat.请坐。

         51.How are you doing? 你好!

         52.Fine.Thank you.and you?很好!谢谢!你呢?

         53.I’m fine ,too. 我也很好。

         54. Sweet dreams.做个好梦。

         55.Have a nice trip.一路顺风。

         56.Have a nice day/Evening/weekend!祝你过得愉快!周末愉快!

         57.You can go to/visit our factory.你可以去我们的工厂看看。

         58.You’re shrewd.你真精明。

         59.Did you sleep well.你睡得好吗?

         60.My future is not just a dream.我的未来不是梦。

  • The Dragon Boat Festival

    2009-5-28

    The Dragon Boat Festival, also called Double Fifth Festival, is celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth moon of the lunar calendar. It is one of the most important Chinese festivals, the other two being the Autumn Moon Festival and Chinese New Year.

    The origin of this summer festival centers around a scholarly government official named Chu Yuan. He was a good and respected man, but because of the misdeeds of jealous rivals he eventually fell into disfavor in the emperor's court。

    Unable to regain the respect of the emperor, in his sorrow Chu Yuan threw himself into the Mi Low river. Because of their admiration for Chu Yuan, the local people living adjacent to the Mi Lo River rushed into their boats to search for him while throwing rice into the waters to appease the river dragons。Although they were unable to find Chu Yuan, their efforts are still commemorated today during the Dragon Boat Festival。

    端午节,又称为五五节,因为端午节是在农历的五月五日,是三个重要的中国节庆之一,其他两个分别是中秋节和农历新年。

    这个节日的由来是古代中国有一位博学多闻的官吏屈原,他是一位爱民而且又受到尊崇的官吏,但是由於一位充满嫉妒的官吏陷害,从此在朝廷中被皇帝所冷落。由於无法获得皇帝的重视,屈原在忧郁的情况下投汨罗江自尽。

    由於对屈原的爱戴,汨罗江畔的居民匆忙的划船在江内寻找屈原,并且将米丢入汨罗江中,以平息汨罗江中的蛟龙。即使他们当时并没有找到屈原,但是他们的行为,直到今天在端午节的时候,仍然被人们传颂纪念著

    Dragon Boat race

    Traditions At the center of this festival are the dragon boat races. Competing teams drive their colorful dragon boats forward to the rhythm of beating drums. These exciting races were inspired by the villager's valiant attempts to rescue Chu Yuan from the Mi Lo river. This tradition has remained unbroken for centuries。

    端午节最重要的活动是龙舟竞赛,比赛的队伍在热烈的鼓声中划著他们多彩的龙舟前进。这项活动的灵感是来自於当时汨罗江畔的居民,在江中划船救屈原,而这个传统也一直保持了数个世纪。


    Tzung Tzu

    A very popular dish during the Dragon Boat festival is tzung tzu. This tasty dish consists of rice dumplings with meat, peanut, egg yolk, or other fillings wrapped in bamboo leaves. The tradition of tzung tzu is meant to remind us of the village fishermen scattering rice across the water of the Mi Low river in order to appease the river dragons so that they would not devour Chu Yuan。

    在端午节时受欢迎的食物就是粽子,粽子是以米包著肉、花生、蛋黄及其他材料,再以竹叶包裹。而粽子的传统则来由於汨罗江边的渔夫,将米丢入江中平息江中的蛟龙,希望他们不要将屈原吃掉。

    Ay Taso

    The time of year of the Dragon Boat Festival, the fifth lunar moon, has more significance than just the story of Chu Yuan. Many Chinese consider this time of year an especially dangerous time when extra efforts must be made to protect their family from illness. Families will hang various herbs, called Ay Tsao, on their door for protection. The drinking of realgar wine is thought to remove poisons from the body. Hsiang Bao are also worn. These sachets contain various fragrant medicinal herbs thought to protect the wearer from illness。

    农历的五月,也就是端午节的这个时节,对中国人而言,除了屈原的故事还有许多其他重要的意义。许多中国人相信五月是一年中容易引发疾病的危险时节,因此必须有许多防备家人生病的措施。许多家庭会将一种特别的植物-艾草挂在门口,作为保护之用,而人们也会挂带香包,它是以含有多种香味的药用植物所做成,也可以保护人们远离疾病

    The Dragon Boat Festival, the 5th day of the 5th lunar month, has had a history of more than 2,000 years. It is usually in June in the Gregorian calendar.端午节(农历五月初五)是中国古老的传统节日,始于春秋战国时期,至今已有2000多年历史。通常在阳历的六月份。


    端午节吃什么

    “粽包分两髻,艾束著危冠。旧俗方储药,羸躯亦点丹。”端午节不可不吃的美味食物就是tsung-tse(粽子),这种传统源于汨罗江边的渔夫,将米丢入江中平息江中的蛟龙,希望它们不要伤害屈原。

    粽子tsung-tse:Glutinous rice(糯米) filled with meat, nuts or bean paste(豆酱) and wrapped in bamboo leaves. It is associated with Dragon Boat Festival with historical meaning.The custom of eating tsung-tse is also popular in North and South Korea, Japan and Southeast Asian nations.

    端午节喝什么

    “樱桃桑椹与菖蒲,更买雄黄酒一壶。”端午节尝试一下雄黄酒吧。端午节这天,人们把雄黄倒入酒中饮用,并把雄黄酒涂在小孩儿的耳、鼻、额头、手、足等处,希望这样可以使孩子们不受蛇虫的伤害。

    Adults drink realgar wine, which can fend off evil spirits.


    端午节玩什么
    “鼓声三下红旗开,两龙跃出浮水来。棹影斡波飞万剑,鼓声劈浪鸣千雷。”端午节最应景的节目就是赛龙舟。

    Dragon boat racing is an indispensable part of the festival, held all over the country. As the gun is fired, people will see racers in dragon-shaped canoes pulling the oars harmoniously and hurriedly, accompanied by rapid drums, speeding toward their destination.

    端午节戴什么

    端午节最有特色的饰物就是香包(sachet)。小孩佩戴香包,传说有避邪驱瘟之意。用含有多种香味的药用植物做成的香包也可以预防疾病。

    On Dragon Boat Festival, parents also need to dress their children up with a sachet. They first sew little bags with colorful silk cloth, then fill the bags with perfumes or herbal medicines(草药), and finally string them with silk threads. The sachet will be hung around the neck or tied to the front of a garment as an ornament. They are said to be able to ward off evil.


    端午节挂什么

    “不效艾符趋习俗,但祈蒲酒话升平。”

    许多人相信五月是一年中容易引发疾病的危险时节,因此必须有许多防备家人生病的措施。端午节时,人们会将一种特别的植物-艾草挂在门口,作为保护之用。

    在门上挂艾叶和菖蒲hang branches of moxa and calamus around the doors of their homes 和悬钟馗像display portraits of evil's nemesis, Chung Kuei都是为了驱疾避凶,讨个吉利。

  • The Dragon Boat Festival

    2009-5-28

    The Dragon Boat Festival, also called Double Fifth Festival, is celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth moon of the lunar calendar. It is one of the most important Chinese festivals, the other two being the Autumn Moon Festival and Chinese New Year.

    The origin of this summer festival centers around a scholarly government official named Chu Yuan. He was a good and respected man, but because of the misdeeds of jealous rivals he eventually fell into disfavor in the emperor's court。

    Unable to regain the respect of the emperor, in his sorrow Chu Yuan threw himself into the Mi Low river. Because of their admiration for Chu Yuan, the local people living adjacent to the Mi Lo River rushed into their boats to search for him while throwing rice into the waters to appease the river dragons。Although they were unable to find Chu Yuan, their efforts are still commemorated today during the Dragon Boat Festival。

    端午节,又称为五五节,因为端午节是在农历的五月五日,是三个重要的中国节庆之一,其他两个分别是中秋节和农历新年。

    这个节日的由来是古代中国有一位博学多闻的官吏屈原,他是一位爱民而且又受到尊崇的官吏,但是由於一位充满嫉妒的官吏陷害,从此在朝廷中被皇帝所冷落。由於无法获得皇帝的重视,屈原在忧郁的情况下投汨罗江自尽。

    由於对屈原的爱戴,汨罗江畔的居民匆忙的划船在江内寻找屈原,并且将米丢入汨罗江中,以平息汨罗江中的蛟龙。即使他们当时并没有找到屈原,但是他们的行为,直到今天在端午节的时候,仍然被人们传颂纪念著

    Dragon Boat race

    Traditions At the center of this festival are the dragon boat races. Competing teams drive their colorful dragon boats forward to the rhythm of beating drums. These exciting races were inspired by the villager's valiant attempts to rescue Chu Yuan from the Mi Lo river. This tradition has remained unbroken for centuries。

    端午节最重要的活动是龙舟竞赛,比赛的队伍在热烈的鼓声中划著他们多彩的龙舟前进。这项活动的灵感是来自於当时汨罗江畔的居民,在江中划船救屈原,而这个传统也一直保持了数个世纪。


    Tzung Tzu

    A very popular dish during the Dragon Boat festival is tzung tzu. This tasty dish consists of rice dumplings with meat, peanut, egg yolk, or other fillings wrapped in bamboo leaves. The tradition of tzung tzu is meant to remind us of the village fishermen scattering rice across the water of the Mi Low river in order to appease the river dragons so that they would not devour Chu Yuan。

    在端午节时受欢迎的食物就是粽子,粽子是以米包著肉、花生、蛋黄及其他材料,再以竹叶包裹。而粽子的传统则来由於汨罗江边的渔夫,将米丢入江中平息江中的蛟龙,希望他们不要将屈原吃掉。

    Ay Taso

    The time of year of the Dragon Boat Festival, the fifth lunar moon, has more significance than just the story of Chu Yuan. Many Chinese consider this time of year an especially dangerous time when extra efforts must be made to protect their family from illness. Families will hang various herbs, called Ay Tsao, on their door for protection. The drinking of realgar wine is thought to remove poisons from the body. Hsiang Bao are also worn. These sachets contain various fragrant medicinal herbs thought to protect the wearer from illness。

    农历的五月,也就是端午节的这个时节,对中国人而言,除了屈原的故事还有许多其他重要的意义。许多中国人相信五月是一年中容易引发疾病的危险时节,因此必须有许多防备家人生病的措施。许多家庭会将一种特别的植物-艾草挂在门口,作为保护之用,而人们也会挂带香包,它是以含有多种香味的药用植物所做成,也可以保护人们远离疾病

    The Dragon Boat Festival, the 5th day of the 5th lunar month, has had a history of more than 2,000 years. It is usually in June in the Gregorian calendar.端午节(农历五月初五)是中国古老的传统节日,始于春秋战国时期,至今已有2000多年历史。通常在阳历的六月份。


    端午节吃什么

    “粽包分两髻,艾束著危冠。旧俗方储药,羸躯亦点丹。”端午节不可不吃的美味食物就是tsung-tse(粽子),这种传统源于汨罗江边的渔夫,将米丢入江中平息江中的蛟龙,希望它们不要伤害屈原。

    粽子tsung-tse:Glutinous rice(糯米) filled with meat, nuts or bean paste(豆酱) and wrapped in bamboo leaves. It is associated with Dragon Boat Festival with historical meaning.The custom of eating tsung-tse is also popular in North and South Korea, Japan and Southeast Asian nations.

    端午节喝什么

    “樱桃桑椹与菖蒲,更买雄黄酒一壶。”端午节尝试一下雄黄酒吧。端午节这天,人们把雄黄倒入酒中饮用,并把雄黄酒涂在小孩儿的耳、鼻、额头、手、足等处,希望这样可以使孩子们不受蛇虫的伤害。

    Adults drink realgar wine, which can fend off evil spirits.


    端午节玩什么
    “鼓声三下红旗开,两龙跃出浮水来。棹影斡波飞万剑,鼓声劈浪鸣千雷。”端午节最应景的节目就是赛龙舟。

    Dragon boat racing is an indispensable part of the festival, held all over the country. As the gun is fired, people will see racers in dragon-shaped canoes pulling the oars harmoniously and hurriedly, accompanied by rapid drums, speeding toward their destination.

    端午节戴什么

    端午节最有特色的饰物就是香包(sachet)。小孩佩戴香包,传说有避邪驱瘟之意。用含有多种香味的药用植物做成的香包也可以预防疾病。

    On Dragon Boat Festival, parents also need to dress their children up with a sachet. They first sew little bags with colorful silk cloth, then fill the bags with perfumes or herbal medicines(草药), and finally string them with silk threads. The sachet will be hung around the neck or tied to the front of a garment as an ornament. They are said to be able to ward off evil.


    端午节挂什么

    “不效艾符趋习俗,但祈蒲酒话升平。”

    许多人相信五月是一年中容易引发疾病的危险时节,因此必须有许多防备家人生病的措施。端午节时,人们会将一种特别的植物-艾草挂在门口,作为保护之用。

    在门上挂艾叶和菖蒲hang branches of moxa and calamus around the doors of their homes 和悬钟馗像display portraits of evil's nemesis, Chung Kuei都是为了驱疾避凶,讨个吉利。

  • The Dragon Boat Festival

    2009-5-28

    The Dragon Boat Festival, also called Double Fifth Festival, is celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth moon of the lunar calendar. It is one of the most important Chinese festivals, the other two being the Autumn Moon Festival and Chinese New Year.

    The origin of this summer festival centers around a scholarly government official named Chu Yuan. He was a good and respected man, but because of the misdeeds of jealous rivals he eventually fell into disfavor in the emperor's court。

    Unable to regain the respect of the emperor, in his sorrow Chu Yuan threw himself into the Mi Low river. Because of their admiration for Chu Yuan, the local people living adjacent to the Mi Lo River rushed into their boats to search for him while throwing rice into the waters to appease the river dragons。Although they were unable to find Chu Yuan, their efforts are still commemorated today during the Dragon Boat Festival。

    端午节,又称为五五节,因为端午节是在农历的五月五日,是三个重要的中国节庆之一,其他两个分别是中秋节和农历新年。

    这个节日的由来是古代中国有一位博学多闻的官吏屈原,他是一位爱民而且又受到尊崇的官吏,但是由於一位充满嫉妒的官吏陷害,从此在朝廷中被皇帝所冷落。由於无法获得皇帝的重视,屈原在忧郁的情况下投汨罗江自尽。

    由於对屈原的爱戴,汨罗江畔的居民匆忙的划船在江内寻找屈原,并且将米丢入汨罗江中,以平息汨罗江中的蛟龙。即使他们当时并没有找到屈原,但是他们的行为,直到今天在端午节的时候,仍然被人们传颂纪念著

    Dragon Boat race

    Traditions At the center of this festival are the dragon boat races. Competing teams drive their colorful dragon boats forward to the rhythm of beating drums. These exciting races were inspired by the villager's valiant attempts to rescue Chu Yuan from the Mi Lo river. This tradition has remained unbroken for centuries。

    端午节最重要的活动是龙舟竞赛,比赛的队伍在热烈的鼓声中划著他们多彩的龙舟前进。这项活动的灵感是来自於当时汨罗江畔的居民,在江中划船救屈原,而这个传统也一直保持了数个世纪。


    Tzung Tzu

    A very popular dish during the Dragon Boat festival is tzung tzu. This tasty dish consists of rice dumplings with meat, peanut, egg yolk, or other fillings wrapped in bamboo leaves. The tradition of tzung tzu is meant to remind us of the village fishermen scattering rice across the water of the Mi Low river in order to appease the river dragons so that they would not devour Chu Yuan。

    在端午节时受欢迎的食物就是粽子,粽子是以米包著肉、花生、蛋黄及其他材料,再以竹叶包裹。而粽子的传统则来由於汨罗江边的渔夫,将米丢入江中平息江中的蛟龙,希望他们不要将屈原吃掉。

    Ay Taso

    The time of year of the Dragon Boat Festival, the fifth lunar moon, has more significance than just the story of Chu Yuan. Many Chinese consider this time of year an especially dangerous time when extra efforts must be made to protect their family from illness. Families will hang various herbs, called Ay Tsao, on their door for protection. The drinking of realgar wine is thought to remove poisons from the body. Hsiang Bao are also worn. These sachets contain various fragrant medicinal herbs thought to protect the wearer from illness。

    农历的五月,也就是端午节的这个时节,对中国人而言,除了屈原的故事还有许多其他重要的意义。许多中国人相信五月是一年中容易引发疾病的危险时节,因此必须有许多防备家人生病的措施。许多家庭会将一种特别的植物-艾草挂在门口,作为保护之用,而人们也会挂带香包,它是以含有多种香味的药用植物所做成,也可以保护人们远离疾病

    The Dragon Boat Festival, the 5th day of the 5th lunar month, has had a history of more than 2,000 years. It is usually in June in the Gregorian calendar.端午节(农历五月初五)是中国古老的传统节日,始于春秋战国时期,至今已有2000多年历史。通常在阳历的六月份。


    端午节吃什么

    “粽包分两髻,艾束著危冠。旧俗方储药,羸躯亦点丹。”端午节不可不吃的美味食物就是tsung-tse(粽子),这种传统源于汨罗江边的渔夫,将米丢入江中平息江中的蛟龙,希望它们不要伤害屈原。

    粽子tsung-tse:Glutinous rice(糯米) filled with meat, nuts or bean paste(豆酱) and wrapped in bamboo leaves. It is associated with Dragon Boat Festival with historical meaning.The custom of eating tsung-tse is also popular in North and South Korea, Japan and Southeast Asian nations.

    端午节喝什么

    “樱桃桑椹与菖蒲,更买雄黄酒一壶。”端午节尝试一下雄黄酒吧。端午节这天,人们把雄黄倒入酒中饮用,并把雄黄酒涂在小孩儿的耳、鼻、额头、手、足等处,希望这样可以使孩子们不受蛇虫的伤害。

    Adults drink realgar wine, which can fend off evil spirits.


    端午节玩什么
    “鼓声三下红旗开,两龙跃出浮水来。棹影斡波飞万剑,鼓声劈浪鸣千雷。”端午节最应景的节目就是赛龙舟。

    Dragon boat racing is an indispensable part of the festival, held all over the country. As the gun is fired, people will see racers in dragon-shaped canoes pulling the oars harmoniously and hurriedly, accompanied by rapid drums, speeding toward their destination.

    端午节戴什么

    端午节最有特色的饰物就是香包(sachet)。小孩佩戴香包,传说有避邪驱瘟之意。用含有多种香味的药用植物做成的香包也可以预防疾病。

    On Dragon Boat Festival, parents also need to dress their children up with a sachet. They first sew little bags with colorful silk cloth, then fill the bags with perfumes or herbal medicines(草药), and finally string them with silk threads. The sachet will be hung around the neck or tied to the front of a garment as an ornament. They are said to be able to ward off evil.


    端午节挂什么

    “不效艾符趋习俗,但祈蒲酒话升平。”

    许多人相信五月是一年中容易引发疾病的危险时节,因此必须有许多防备家人生病的措施。端午节时,人们会将一种特别的植物-艾草挂在门口,作为保护之用。

    在门上挂艾叶和菖蒲hang branches of moxa and calamus around the doors of their homes 和悬钟馗像display portraits of evil's nemesis, Chung Kuei都是为了驱疾避凶,讨个吉利。

  • 关于地震的英语口语表达

    2009-5-11

     

    在2008年5月12日这一天四川发生了惊天动地的大地震, 造成了无数的死伤。想想人的生命是如此的渺小,禁不起大自然无情的玩笑。这次灾难是大家目前关注的焦点,在此与大家一起了解地震相关的英语口语表达!

    1、This year, we, Chinese people, really have suffered a lot, from snowstorm to Tibet Riot, from Torch Relay Event to Wenchuan Earthquake, however, we have not been defeated, instead, we've become more united and show great resolution to overcome all kinds of challenges to make our country more thriving and prosperous.
    今年,我们中国人民真的承受了太多:从雪灾到西藏暴乱,从火炬事件到汶川地震,可我们从没倒下,而是变得更团结,坚信能经受住一切挑战,使我们的祖国更繁荣昌盛。

    2、Experiencing so many disasters, we've had so many moments of desperation, but if we can face them and head on, that's how we find out just how strong we really are.
    经历过这么多的灾难,有了这么多绝望时刻,可只要我们能面对它们,继续前进,我们就会发现自己是多么的坚强。

    3、──May all the victims rest in peace! Don't be afraid. We'll light the candle to bright your way to heaven, where there will be no more darkness, sorrow, pain and tears. Farewell, my dear compatriots... ──May all the survivors walk out of this tragedy stonger. Remember, you're all not alone. We're always behind you. We are family! ──We are Chinese! We can overcome whatever disaster with our great national unity! Go, Sichuan! Go China! We will be with you forever.
    ──愿逝者安息! 不要害怕。我们会帮你点亮蜡烛来照亮去天堂的路,在那里不再有黑灯黑暗,不再有悲痛,不再有痛苦,不再有眼泪。一路走好,我亲爱的同胞。。。 ──愿幸存者坚强地从这悲剧恢复过来! 记得,你们不会是孤单的。我们会一直支持你们。我们是一家人! ──我们都是中国人。只要我们团结,我们能够征服任何灾难! 加油,四川!加油!中国!我们永远与你同在。

    4、Rescuers were frantically searching for?more survivors.
    救援小组竭尽所能地寻找生还者。

    5、There is no love in disaster, but we have love in humans heart.
    灾难无情,人有情。

    6、This earthquake startled all over the world .
    这次地震震惊全世界。

    7、The earthquake wakens the whole nation with great power.
    地震,激发出整个民族的力量。

    8、To face the earthquake, Union is strength.
    面对地震 我们众志成城.

    9、A clock tower in the town center had stopped at 2:27, the time the quake hit.
    城镇中心的钟塔定格在2:27——地震发生的时间。

    10、I wish my country will go through it less painfully.
    祝愿祖国早日度过难关。

    11、Such is a destructive disaster,so many lives disappeared in a second, such is human nature,so many soldiers and doctors are struggling in the Earthquake-stricken area ,so many chinese people are trying their best to do something for?those survived the Earthquake,chinese will never be defeated ,china will certainly be stronger after the disaster.
    这就是天灾,多少生命顷刻消逝,这就是人性,多少兄弟姐妹在灾区奋战抢险,多少同胞在尽自己所能,只为帮助灾区幸存的同胞,中国人是打不败的,中国在经历磨难之后定会更加强大.

    12、She is only 17 but is volunteering at the hospital her mom works at.
    她虽然才17岁,却到了她妈妈工作的医院当志愿者。

    13、She is only 17 but is volunteering at the hospital her mom works at.
    她虽然才17岁,却到了她妈妈工作的医院当志愿者。

    14、My thoughts and prayers go out to the people of China,and I hope we do the right thing and offer help to them.
    我衷心地为中国人民祈祷,同时希望我们可以为中国人民做些力所能及的事情。

    15、This earthquake give us very strong convulsion,let us feel that the life is so chickenshit and valued.Natural affection and good-fellowship is so costful,reputation and benefit is so low-down . I wish every friends safe.
    这次地震给我们带来很大的震撼.让我们感觉到:生命如此渺小,亲情和友情的珍贵,名和利的卑微.祝愿每个朋友平安!

    16、Millions of people gave freely in response to the famine appeal.
    千百万人响应救灾呼吁而慷慨解囊.

    17、That city was razed to the ground by an earthquake.
    那座城市被地震夷为平地。

    18、That city was razed to the ground by an earthquake.
    那座城市被地震夷为平地。

    19、A tiny problem times 1.3 billion can be a huge problem, while a huge problem divided by 1.3 billion can be a tiny problem.
    一个小问题乘以13亿,将成为一个大问题;一个大问题除以13亿,将会化为一个小问题。

    20、A tiny problem times 1.3 billion can be a huge problem, while a huge problem divided by 1.3 billion can be a tiny problem.
    一个小问题乘以13亿,将成为一个大问题;一个大问题除以13亿,将会化为一个小问题。

    21、China recently has witnessed a series of disasters such as a heavy sownfall at the beginning of Chinese New Year, a sabatage of Olymplic Game Relaying by Tibetan separists, and a unprecedentally devastating natural calamity in Sichuan province.After a 8.0 magnitude earquake rocked in wenchuan county of Sichuan province on the very day that is on May 12th, hunderds of people died and got injured in that severe disaster.Also countless after shocks happened again every now and then.. It must be pointed out that we Chinese become only too strong to face up to the difficulties ahead of them! I’m so proud to be a Chinese!
    最近,中国经历了一系列的灾难,比如说在新年之际,就遭受了严重的雪灾,藏独分子对奥运火炬传递的蓄意破坏以及四川发生的史无前例的巨大的自然灾害。就在5月12日那天,四川发生了8级地震,数以万计的人在那次灾难中遇险或是严重受伤。此后无数的余震不时地发生。必须指出的是,我们中国人很坚强,能勇敢地面对前方的困难。我作为一个中国人真的很自豪!

    22、The Chinese people will never give in to the disaster.
    中华民族从不会向灾难屈服。

    23、I sincerely hope that the people in the disaster area will soon overcome difficulties.
    我衷心地希望灾区人民能早日度过难关.

    24、Let us stay together to overcome this strong earthquake.
    让我们携手共进,一起度过这个难关.

    25、We' re collecting for?victims of the earthquake-stricken area, please give generously.
    我们在为地震灾区的灾民募捐,请慷慨捐助。

  • 猪流感常识(中英文对照)

    2009-5-11

     

     


    什么是猪流感?What is Swine Influenza?

    猪流感(Swine Influenza, swine flu)是猪的一种呼吸道疾病,它的病原是一种能造成周期性爆发的A型流感病毒。猪流感病毒的致病率很高,但猪的死亡率低。猪流感病毒在全年都有可能传播,但大部分会在深秋和冬季月份爆发,这一点与人流感类似。典型的猪流感病毒(A型H1N1病毒)于1930年第一次从猪身上分离出来。
    Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza virus that regularly causes outbreaks of influenza in pigs. Swine flu viruses cause high levels of illness and low death rates in pigs. Swine influenza viruses may circulate among swine throughout the year, but most outbreaks occur during the late fall and winter months similar to outbreaks in humans. The classical swine flu virus (an influenza type A H1N1 virus) was first isolated from a pig in 1930.


    现在有多少种猪流感病毒?How many swine flu viruses are there?

    就像所有的流感病毒一样,猪流感病毒也在不停地变化当中。禽流感,人流感以及猪流感病毒都会对猪造成感染;当不同种来源的流感病毒同时感染时,病毒之间就会重新“洗牌”(交换基因),从而产生一种新的“禽人猪”混合病毒。随着时间的推移,也出现了猪流感病毒的多种变种:现在人们从猪身上分离出了4种主要的A型流感病毒亚型: H1N1, H1N2, H3N2, H3N1。但最近从猪分离出来的流感病毒大部分都是H1N1型病毒。
    Like all influenza viruses, swine flu viruses change constantly. Pigs can be infected by avian influenza and human influenza viruses as well as swine influenza viruses. When influenza viruses from different species infect pigs, the viruses can reassort (i.e. swap genes) and new viruses that are a mix of swine, human and/or avian influenza viruses can emerge. Over the years, different variations of swine flu viruses have emerged. At this time, there are four main influenza type A virus subtypes that have been isolated in pigs: H1N1, H1N2, H3N2, and H3N1. However, most of the recently isolated influenza viruses from pigs have been H1N1 viruses.


    人类会感染猪流感吗?Can humans catch swine flu?

    一般来说猪流感并不会感染人类,但人们已经发现了少数人类感染猪流感的病例。这些病例大部分出现在与猪有直接接触的人群中(例如,市场上与猪接触的儿童,以及养猪业的工人)。另外也有一些病例是猪流感从一个人传染到另一个人的情况,例如1988年在威斯康星爆发的猪流感造成了多人感染。尽管猪流感没有在社区中传播开来,但抗体实验证实病毒从病人传播到了与其有近距离接触的医护人员身上。
    Swine flu viruses do not normally infect humans. However, sporadic human infections with swine flu have occurred. Most commonly, these cases occur in persons with direct exposure to pigs (e.g. children near pigs at a fair or workers in the swine industry). In addition, there have been documented cases of one person spreading swine flu to others. For example, an outbreak of apparent swine flu infection in pigs in Wisconsin in 1988 resulted in multiple human infections, and, although no community outbreak resulted, there was antibody evidence of virus transmission from the patient to health care workers who had close contact with the patient.


    人类感染猪流感的症状是什么?What are the symptoms of swine flu in humans?

    人类感染猪流感的症状预计会与人类感染季节性流感的症状类似,包括发烧,瞌睡,厌食以及咳嗽。一些感染猪流感的病人出现了流鼻涕,咽喉痛,恶心,呕吐以及腹泻的症状。
    The symptoms of swine flu in people are expected to be similar to the symptoms of regular human seasonal influenza and include fever, lethargy, lack of appetite and coughing. Some people with swine flu also have reported runny nose, sore throat, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

    吃猪肉会感染猪流感吗?Can people catch swine flu from eating pork?
    不会,猪流感病毒不会通过食物传播。吃猪肉或者猪肉制品不会使人感染猪流感,因此食用妥善处理过或者烹调过的猪肉及猪肉制品是安全的。与其他细菌或者病毒一样,将猪肉加热至内温160°F(71.1 °C)就会杀死猪流感病毒。
    No. Swine influenza viruses are not transmitted by food. You can not get swine influenza from eating pork or pork products. Eating properly handled and cooked pork and pork products is safe. Cooking pork to an internal temperature of 160°F kills the swine flu virus as it does other bacteria and viruses.


    猪流感是如何传播的?How does swine flu spread?

    流感病毒能够直接从猪传染到人,或者从人传染到猪。人被猪感染最常见的情形是人与受感染的猪有近距离接触,例如在猪圈里,或者在市场上展出的猪。人与人的猪流感传播也是可能的,它的传播方式被认为与季节性流感传播的方式一样,即主要通过病人的咳嗽,打喷嚏的方式在人群之间传播。在接触含有病毒的物体之后再摸嘴巴或者摸鼻子也有可能感染病毒。
    Influenza viruses can be directly transmitted from pigs to people and from people to pigs. Human infection with flu viruses from pigs are most likely to occur when people are in close proximity to infected pigs, such as in pig barns and livestock exhibits housing pigs at fairs. Human-to-human transmission of swine flu can also occur. This is thought to occur in the same way as seasonal flu occurs in people, which is mainly person-to-person transmission through coughing or sneezing of people infected with the influenza virus. People may become infected by touching something with flu viruses on it and then touching their mouth or nose.


    如何诊断人感染了猪流感?How can human infections with swine influenza be diagnosed?

    如果需要诊断A型猪流感,一般需要收集病人最开始4-5天发病期的呼吸道标本,这段时间是病人最有可能传播病毒的时期。但对某些人(特别是儿童)可能在最开始的10天时间(或者更长)就开始传播病毒。如果需要确认A型猪流感病毒,需要将标本送至CDC进行实验室检验。
    To diagnose swine influenza A infection, a respiratory specimen would generally need to be collected within the first 4 to 5 days of illness (when an infected person is most likely to be shedding virus). However, some persons, especially children, may shed virus for 10 days or longer. Identification as a swine flu influenza A virus requires sending the specimen to CDC for laboratory testing.


    感染了猪流感的病人有何治疗措施?What medications are available to treat swine flu infections in humans?

    现在有4种抗病毒药品被允许在美国治疗流感:金刚烷胺(amantadine),金刚乙胺(rimantadine),奥塞米韦(oseltamivir)和扎那米韦(zanamivir)。这四种药品对大部分猪流感病毒都有效,但最近从人类分离出来的猪流感病毒对金刚烷胺和金刚乙胺有抗药性。因此,CDC建议使用奥塞米韦和扎那米韦来对猪流感病毒进行治疗和/或预防。
    There are four different antiviral drugs that are licensed for use in the US for the treatment of influenza: amantadine, rimantadine, oseltamivir and zanamivir. While most swine influenza viruses have been susceptible to all four drugs, the most recent swine influenza viruses isolated from humans are resistant to amantadine and rimantadine. At this time, CDC recommends the use of oseltamivir or zanamivir for the treatment and/or prevention of infection with swine influenza viruses.
  • 六种英语口语技巧

    2009-5-01

       有没有机会在美国生存、发展下去,关键是要看有没有机会去表达自己,和别人交流。如果你学的是哑巴英语,到了美国你将十分困难。而目前我们的大学英语教育是有缺陷的。学一种语言,交流是目的,而不是语言本身。我们往往把英语仅仅当做一门知识在学,从小学到大,到最后,还是不会说英语。  

       语言的交流与掌握大量的词汇、句型、语法是两回事。就语言本身的知识来说,我们已经过关了。我们缺少的就是在交流中来运用英语,只有在交流中我们才能与对方进行思维密码的相互破译。同样的话在不同的语言交流环境中所表达的意思是不一样的。  

       我建议要把我们学习的目标收缩,把追求大而广的英语知识转化为追求一种定量性的技巧,我认为有6种技巧,是美国人和美国人之间交流的关键性东西,如果我们能掌握这6种技巧,就可以更好地理解美国人的思维,从而学好口语。  

       第一,如何用英文简单界定一个东西的技巧。美国人和美国人交谈80%是想告诉对方这个事物是什么。我们的课本尽管词汇难度不断加深,但思维逻辑结构却只停留在一个水平上。中国人常说Where  is  the  book(这本书在哪儿)?很少有人说What  is  a  book(书是什么)?而美国的小学生就开始问:What  is  the  book?这种Where  is  the  book只是思维的描述阶段。但是我想连大学生也很难回答What  is  a  book?因为中国传统英语教学模式没有教会学生表达思想的技巧。  

       第二,如果已经学会界定,但理解还有偏差,那就要训练How  to  explain  things  in  different  ways(用不同的方式解释同一事物)。一种表达式对方不懂,美国人会寻找另一种表达式最终让对方明白。因为事物就一个,但表达它的语言符号可能会很多。这就要多做替换练习。传统的教学方法也做替换练习,但这种替换不是真替换,只是语言层面的替换,而不是思维层面的替换。比如,I  love  you(我爱你)。按我们教学的替换方法就把you换成her,my  mother等,这种替换和小学生练描红没有什么区别。这种替换没有对智力构成挑战,没有启动思维。这种替换句子的基本结构没变,我听不懂I  love  you,肯定也听不懂I  love  her。如果替换为I  want  to  kiss  you,I  want  to  hug  you,I  will  show  my  heart  to  you等,或者给对方讲电影《泰坦尼克》,告诉对方那就是爱,这样一来对方可能就明白了。这才叫真正的替换。也就是说用一种不同的方式表达同一个意思,或者一个表达式对方听不清楚,举一个简单易懂的例子来表达,直到对方明白。  

       第三,我们必须学会美国人怎样描述东西。从描述上来讲,由于中美的文化不同会产生很大的差异。我们描述东西无外乎把它放在时间和空间两个坐标上去描述。美国人对空间的描述总是由内及外,由里及表。而中国人正好相反。从时间上来说,中国人是按自然的时间顺序来描述。我们描述一个东西突然停住时,往往最后说的那个地方是最重要的。美国人在时间的描述上先把最重要的东西说出来,然后再说陪衬的东西。只有发生悲剧性的事件,美国人才在前面加上铺垫。这就是中国人和美国人在时间描述上的巨大差别。  

       第四,要学会使用重要的美国习语。不容易学、易造成理解困惑的东西就是“习语”。比如北京人说盖了帽儿了,外国人很难理解,这就是习语。所以和美国人交流时,能适当地运用美国习语,他马上就会觉得很亲切,也很爱和你交流。那么什么是习语?就是每个单词你都认识,但把它们组合在一起,你就不知道是什么意思了。  

       第五,学会两种语言的传译能力。这是衡量口语水平的一个最重要标准。因为英语不是我们的母语,我们天生就有自己的母语。很多人都认为学好外语必须丢掉自己的母语,这是不对的。  

       第六,要有猜测能力。为什么美国人和美国人、中国人和中国人之间交流很少产生歧义?就是因为他们之间能“猜测”。我们的教学不提倡“猜测”。但我觉得猜测对学好美国口语很重要。在交流中,有一个词你没有听懂,你不可能马上去查字典,这时候就需要猜测来架起一座桥梁来弥补这个缺口,否则交流就会中断。  

  • 如何有效练习英语口语

    2009-5-01

    现代的中国学生越来越意识到英语口语在实际应用中的重要性,但是很多同学在练习口语时总是有一种不得章法的感觉。那么怎样练习英语口语呢?

    在此之前,首先要清楚衡量一个人口语水平高低的几个基本标准,做到有的放矢。一般来讲有四个标准:
    1.语音语调;2.流利程度;3.准确度;4.语言内容。下面具体来看这四个标准的具体要求和通过怎样的练习达到这些要求:

    一、语音语调
    在开口说英语时,语音语调是给人的第一印象,是一个人英语水平的门面。准确地道的语音语调能够给人以信心,从而显著提高同学们练习口语的兴趣和积极性。好的语音语调一个最简单的标准就是:地道,就是要和外国人说一样的味道。

    然后,就要自己开始模仿练习了;需要注意的是,现在市面可供选择的模仿材料很多,但在做模仿练习时,切忌模仿多种不同材料中的语音语调,而是要挑一套由native speaker编写、朗读的材料进行反复模仿,不求速度,但求质量。比如《新概念英语》就是模仿练习的好材料。这种模仿练习在初期要强化,而在能够自然运用这种语音语调之后也要经常回过头来再模仿。一句话,将模仿进行到底。


    二、流利程度

    流利程度包括两个方面的要求:第一,伶牙俐齿;第二,明确要表达的意思。

    由于中文和英文发音方法不同,嘴唇、舌位、声带的运用方法差异较大,很多同学发现一字一句的模仿还可以,但是要迅速自然地协调这些发音器官比较困难。要让这些发音器官自然协调,同学们所要做的就是多读。在这里要特别强调的是,一定要按照模仿来的那种语音语调去读,否则语音语调就白练了。

    要流利表达就要清楚自己想表达什么。自言自语练习法就是个不错的方法,出声和不出声都可以。给自己找一个主题,用自言自语的方式说出自己的一些想法。这种练习能让同学们事先清楚自己就某个主题都有些什么想法,在谈及这个主题时就不用一边想发音,一边想自己要说什么了。同时,这种自言自语练习法让大家习惯用英语表达,从而帮助同学们克服说英语时害羞、缺乏自信的毛病。


    三、准确度

    准确度同样也有两个方面的要求:一、语言准确;二、语境准确。

    所谓语言准确,就是语言的语法用词规范、准确,知道什么样的词适合用在口语中,怎么用。一些词典,比如《朗文当代高级英语辞典》(英英·英汉双解)就标明了这些内容,同时给出了很多口语中适用的例句。为了达到准确,很多同学一发现错误就要停下来改正,其实这是错误的做法。这样不仅影响流利程度,而且会损害同学们的自信心和积极性,让同学们不好意思、不敢开口。当然不管正确与否胡说一通更加不利于提高口语能力。正确的做法是,在说口语时要意识到自己所犯的错误,但是不停下来,继续下去。等到说完了,要回顾总结一下,提醒自己在哪些方面犯了错误,这样才能够有助于下一次改正。

    语境准确则是一个更高层次的要求,即在什么环境下说什么话。这一方面要求同学们通过听、读去了解外国文化。另一方面就是通过语境练习让自己熟悉某一种特殊语境。假设自己处于某种语境中,然后去练习自己该怎么说,设想对方会有什么反应,自己如何回答。这种练习最好是两个人或多个人一起做。当同学们熟悉如何应对各种语境时,在真正处于某种环境时就能够轻松准确应对了。


    四、语言内容

    内容是口语中最高的要求,即言之有物。在使用非母语的英语时,随口说出来的东西通常都是很浅显的东西,很难说言之有物,而且也不利于提高自己表述复杂意义的能力。要做到言之有物,同学们在表达自己的意思之前,需要事先查看资料,组织自己的观点,考虑对方的观点和自己回应,做到有备而来。

    练习口语并不难,只要大家把握住要求,采取适当的方法,勤加学习就能够突破瓶颈,不再做哑巴英语学习者。

Open Toolbar