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常见动名词分析

2009-05-30 11:11:18 / 天气: 晴朗 / 心情: 郁闷 / 个人分类:英语学习

 It is no good reading without thorough comprehension

  一知半解的阅读是不好的

  注意:it 是形式主语,动名词短语才是真正的主语。

  8. be/get used to +动名词=be accustomed to ---习惯于做---

  He is used to getting up early .他习惯于早起

  I am not used to being spoken to like that.

  我不习惯别人那样对我说话

  9.lose no time in +动名词=begin doing ---at once 立刻、赶紧

  He lost no time in carrying out his promise.

  他立刻履行了他的诺言

  10. in the hope of +动名词=with a view to doing 怀着----的希望;目的,在于

  I went to London in the hope of meeting some friends.

  我去伦敦希望能见到几个朋友。

  We looked through many books in the hope of getting further information.

  我们查阅了许多书,希望获得更进一步的信息。

  11. for the purpose of +动名词=for the sake of ---为了

  She writes to a number of her friends for the purpose of collecting used stamps.

  为了要收集旧邮票,她写信给许多朋友。

  12. succeed in +动名词=manage to do ---成功地做----

  China succeeded in sending up another man-made earth satellite yesterday .

  昨天,中国有成功地发射了一颗人造地球卫星。

动名词的考点:

  一、动名词作主语

  ___is a good form of exercise for both young and old (NMET1992)

  A. the walk B. walking C. to walk D. walk (B)

  动名词作主语表示习惯性,泛指经常性、不具体的动作。而不定式做主语则表示一次性、特指、未来具体的动作。由句意可知主语表示泛指的、经常性的动作。

  二、动名词作宾语

  1.the officer narrowly escaped ____in the hot battle (MET80)

  A. have killed B. to kill C. to be kill D. being killed (D)

  分析: 此题考查的是只能用动名词做宾语的动词。Advise, allow,  appreciate, avoid,consider,delay,enjoy,escape,excuse,finish,keep,imagine,mind,miss,permit,practise,risk,suggest等动词及feel like, insist on, be fond of, what (how )about等固定词组要用动名词做宾语。本题动名词的逻辑主语是动名词动作的承受者,故用了被动语态。

  2. She looks forward every spring to ____the flower-lined garden (shanghai 95)

  A. visit B. paying a visit C. walk in D. walking in (D)

  分析: 此题考查含有介词to的短语动词的用法。Look forward to ,be (get)used to (习惯于),pay attention to, prefer ---to 等短语中的to 为介词,后跟名词和动名词作宾语。B项后少了to,因pay a visit to 为固定短语。

  3. people couldn’t help ____the foolish emperor in the procession (MET 83 )

  A. laugh at B. to laugh at C. laughing at D. laughing on (C)

  分析: 此题考查一些既可跟动名词也可跟不定式作宾语但含义不同的动词(短语)的用法。

    (1)can’t help to do不能帮助做 can’t help doing 情不自禁

  (2)forget, remember后跟动名词表示已发生的动作,跟不定式表示未发生的动作。

  (3)try to do 尽力做,try doing 试着做

  (4)go on to do sth. 接着做另一件事,go on doing sth. 继续做原来在做的事

  (5)mean to do 打算做。Mean doing sth. 意味着做

  本句意味“人们忍不住嘲笑游行队伍中的愚蠢皇帝”故选C。

  4. Only one of these books is _____(MET 86)

  A. worth to read B. worth being read C. worth of reading D. worth reading (D)

  分析: Be busy ,be worth后以动名词的主动式做宾语。注意: 也有“值得“之意 ,但其用法是:be worthy to be done ,be worthy of being done. 5. This sentence needs _____(MET85)

  A. a improvement B. improve C. improving D. improved (C)

  分析: need ,want ,require 后跟动名词的主动式或不定式的被动式表示被动意义。又如:The room needs cleaning (to be cleaned ) 房子需要打扫。

  三、考查动名词的否定式

  _I must apologize for ___ahead of time.

  -That’s all right. (NMET 94 )

  A. letting you not know B. not letting you know

  C. letting you know not

  D. letting not you know (B)

  分析:动名词的否定式是在动名词前加not.

练习:

  1.______ is a good form of exercise for both young and old.

  A. the work B. walking C. to walking D. walk

  2. How about the two of us ____a walk down the garden?

  A. to take B. take C. taking D. to be taking

  3. –I must apologize for ____ahead of time.

  -That’s all right.

  A. letting you not know

  B. not letting you know

  c. letting you know not

  D. letting not you know

  4. -You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting.

  -Well, now I regret ____that.

  A. to do B. to be doing

  C. to have done D. having done

  5. –what do you think made Mary so upset?

  -___her new bicycle.

  A. as she lost B. lost C. losing D. because of losing

  1-5 BCBDC

 




TAG: 英语学习

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lianq5000的个人空间 删除 lianq5000 发布于2009-07-21 19:43:55 评3分
总结的不错啊
我来说两句

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